Dad dot info
Free online course for separated parents
Forum - Ask questions. Get answers.
Free online course for separated parents | Lifestyle | Sport, Health, Fitness & Grooming | Sport and Fitness | Top 10 Most Common Sporting Injuries 

Top 10 Most Common Sporting Injuries 

Team GB’s amazing success at the Rio Olympics has no doubt inspired the sporting champ in us all. But before you go for your own personal gold, check out’s list of the 10 most common sporting injuries, supplied by Dr Sam Burrows, a Sports Medicine Specialist at the London Doctors Clinic. On your marks…  

Image: ING Images.

London Doctors Clinic GPs regularly see a wide range of sport-related musculoskeletal injuries, from general wear-and-tear or overuse, such as arthritic joints, to acute injuries like twisted ankles and ruptured tendons. The Clinic’s Dr Sam Burrows shares her experience on how to spot and treat 10 of the most common sporting injuries.

1. Plantar Fasciitis 

This is a common disorder, estimated to affect 10% of the people at least once in their lifetime. It presents as a sharp pain under the heel of the foot, which is worse after long periods of rest (i.e. first thing in the morning). It’s due to the inflammation of the band of tissue on the sole of the foot, spanning between the heel and foot bones. In health, this ligament-like tissue usually absorbs any shocks to the foot (like the suspension of a car). This condition usually gets better on its own, although treatment can include rest, good footwear with padded heels, painkillers, physio exercises, and potentially steroid injections in more severe cases. 

Plantar fasciitis is not to be confused with ‘policeman’s heel’, which is pain under the heel bone but with a different physiological reason.

2. Achilles Tendinopathy

The Achilles tendon runs between the calf muscle and the heel bone. After overuse, or an accumulation of small, repeated injuries, it can become swollen and very painful. To treat, it’s best to rest the ankle while applying ice packs and take pain killers. Tendinopathy injuries can last several months, so it’s best to avoid in the first place, by wearing good, supportive footwear.

Athletes often affected include runners and footballers. Notable sufferers include David Beckham, who tore his Achilles tendon back in 2010 leading to him missing the 2010 World Cup, and Olympic heptathlon champion, Jessica Ennis-Hill. 

3. Ankle Injuries

One of the most common injuries is an ankle injury, such as a sprain or fracture. A sprain is where the ligament is damaged by overuse or a sudden trauma, such as an awkward fall. This leads to inflammation and pain, usually lasting a week or two. The RICE protocol (Rest, Ice, Compress and Elevate) will help reduce immediate swelling and pain, and painkillers can help control pain throughout recovery.

England cricketing star Freddie Flintoff’s career was plagued for several years with ankle injuries, which eventually contributed to his early retirement.

4. Shin Splints

This injury is characterised by pain in the frontal lower leg (shin), which is worse on exercise. This painful condition can be caused by poorly fitting shoes, or running on hard surfaces (such as concrete). Again, the RICE protocol will help relieve pain and limit any swelling, and anti-inflammatory painkillers (such as paracetamol and ibuprofen) will help treat symptoms while the injury gradually heals itself. 

5. Slipped Discs

Known in the medical world as a prolapsed disc, this is where a spinal disc presses on a nerve root, causing severe lower back pain. Pain can also radiate down the buttock and leg – called sciatica. Symptoms may subside alone, although painkillers, spinal manipulations and occasionally even surgery may help.

Golfers are often vulnerable to this injury, with Tiger Woods a prime example.

6. Tennis Elbow

This is a relatively common injury amongst tennis players, due to the repetitive force on the elbow when playing tennis. Interestingly, this injury is rarely seen amongst professional tennis players, likely due to better techniques to avoid such repetitive strain in the first place – novices take note!

7. Rotator Cuff Injuries

One of the most common causes of shoulder pain, seen in a variety of athletes. Physiotherapy and exercises can help to resolve the issue, with steroid injections and surgery available for more severe cases.

Notable sufferer: Maria Sharapova suffered from a tear in her rotator cuff back in 2008, but bounced back in no time after surgery, winning the French Open in 2012.

8. Knee Ligament Strains

Like any other joints, the knees are delicate and vulnerable to damage by either wear-and-tear or trauma. The four main ligaments in the knee can become sprained or even torn, resulting in knee pain, swelling and tenderness. Initial treatments include the RICE (Rest, Ice, Compress, Elevate) protocol to reduce pain and swelling. 

Commonly seen in footballers, who can twist their knees during sudden changes of direction. A prime example of a footballing knee injury can be seen in Ronaldo’s dramatic moth-plagued exit from the Euro 2016 finals.

9. Hamstring Injuries

The hamstrings are the big muscles at the back of the thigh, involved in bending the knee. They are commonly injured during running and jumping sports, or during sudden movements. Hamstring tears can take from days to months to heal, depending on the grade of the tear.

The 100-metres World Record holder, Usain Bolt, almost missed out on the chance to compete in the Rio 2016 Olympics due to a grade one hamstring tear, receiving 11th hour specialist treatment in Germany, before winning another three Olympic Gold medals.

10. Groin strains

This injury is the result of over-tensing or over-stretching, and is commonly seen in sports involving running and jumping. Sudden changes in direction, commonly seen in football and hockey, is a common cause for groin strain.

Real Madrid midfielder Luka Modric had his Euro 2016 dreams ruined by a groin injury, limping off pitch during the second half of a match between his native Croatia and the Czech Republic.

Dr Sam Burrows is a Sports Medicine specialist at the London Doctors Clinic.



Related entries

When can I get back to sport?

When can I get back to sport?

Pro Cricket is back! Premier League Football has been back a little while! But the crowds have gone and with them some of our passion for the game.   Social distancing has slammed through both professional and amateur sports like a wrecking ball. Now that we are...

When can I get back to sport?


If lockdown life has seen you pile on the extra pounds then fear not you’re not alone. A recent survey indicated a hefty 48% of us reported they had experienced some weight gain since lockdown, we caught up with chartered physio, strength coach and Dad, Olly from Feel...

Doggy Paddle isn’t enough

Doggy Paddle isn’t enough

Days on the beach, mucking about on the river and round the pool. What do all these great days out have in common? Water ... and wherever there is water, watch out Dads, your kids are at risk. Again this summer, we have read with great sadness stories of young...

Latest entries

Eating together is important- for both you and your kids

Eating together is important- for both you and your kids

As busy parents it can be tempting to shovel our food down Homer Simpson-style, while the kids watch a cartoon. With our daily lives so busy, it can feel like too much effort to sit down to eat together. However, research is coming to light that shows why eating meals...



Hi Dad, What a difficult decision for you. There are several things to consider here before making the final decision. Separating the children could impact the quality of the sibling relationship. This relationship is important and beneficial to the two children....

Prostate problems: what you need to know

Prostate problems: what you need to know

As it's Men's Mental Health Month (Movember) in November, Dad Info is focussing on awareness of men's health issues. As part of this series we are focussing on prostate problems. What is a prostate? The prostate is a small tube found only in men, surrounding the tube...

Pin It on Pinterest